Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Names from the Signet of Matilda of Tuscany (1072-1115)

NAMES FROM THE SIGNET OF MATILDA OF TUSCANY (1072-1115)
by Alys Mackyntoich (Alissa Pyrich)
June 2015

The data in this article was extracted from Latin-language charters and letters written by Matilda, Countess of Tuscany between 1072 and 1115.  These documents are published on Epistol√¶ (http://epistolae.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/), a website maintained by Columbia University collecting writings to and from women in the Middle Ages. The letters are transcribed in the original Latin with translations into modern English by Professor Joan Ferrante of Columbia University.


Naming Patterns

1.      For Men
The data shows four primary naming patterns for men:
[given name] + de + [locative]
[given name] + filius + [father’s name in genitive form]
[given name] + [father’s name in the genitive] + filius
[given name] + [surname]
In addition, many men were identified by their titles and occupations.  For example:
Ardericus notarius sacri palatii = Ardericus, notary of the sacred palace
Lambertus iudex = Lambertus, judge
A small number of complex name patterns are found in the data:
Azonis filii Ubaldi de Parma (1092)
Alegro Iohannis Robaldi (1109)

2.      For Women
            Women were identified primarily by their titles.  For example:
Matildis comitissa et ducatrix = Matilda, countess and duchess
Berta abbatissa = Abbess Bertha
There is also evidence of women being known as the daughters of their fathers, in the pattern [given name] + filia + [father’s name in the genitive form].  Finally, one woman, Natalia Mazola, had an unmarked surname.

Given Names
Not all spellings found in the text can be used as registerable name spellings.  Latin spelling varies depending on whether the given name appears as the subject or object of the original sentence.  Note that only the nominative forms can be used to create given names for SCA purposes.  Nominative forms usually end in –us.  Forms ending in –i generally are genitive forms and can be used to create patronymic surnames using the pattern [given name] + filius or filia + [genitive father’s name].
The bolded header forms are the most common nominative forms of the given names.  The forms under the heading are those actually found in the texts.  Where the nominative form is not found in any of the texts, I have extrapolated the likely nominative form based on other period examples.  In instances where I was not entirely sure about the nominative form, I have so indicated with a question mark.  The numbers in the parenthesis are the dates of documents in which the name is found.

1.      Male Given Names
Aginulfus
Aginulfi (1106)
Albericus
Alberici (1107)
Albericus (1106, 1108, 1115)
Albertus
Alberti (1106, 1107)
Albertus (1073, 1106, 1108, 1114, 1115)
Albezus?
Albezo (1109)
Albizum (1109)
Alegrus?
Alegro (1109)
Alexandrus
Alexandri (1080)
Alexandrum (1104)
Allucus?
Allucci (1073)
Alo
Alo (1080)
Aluardus
Aluardus (1102)
Anselmus
Anselmus (1104)
Araldello
Araldello (1073)
Ardericus
Arderici (1107)
Arderico (1080)
Ardericus (1080, 1100)
Arduinus
Arduinus (1114, 1115)
Arialdus
Arialdi (1107)
Ato
Ato (1109)
Aubertus
Aubertus (1107)
Azo
Azo (1108)
Azone (1080)
Azonis (1092)
Bardus
Bardi (1072-76)
Baroncionus
Baroncioni (1073)
Belencionus
Belencionus (1102)
Belentionis (1107)
Benedictus
Benedicti (1100)
Benedicto (1073)
Bernardus
Bernardi (1106, 1114)
Bernardo de Laluza (1080, 1114)
Bernardus (1106)
Bonifacius?
Bonefacii (1073, 1107)
Bonefatii (1073)
Bonifacii (1102, 1108, 1115)
Bonifacio (1115)
Bonoseniore
Bonisenioris (1109)
Bonoseniore (1114)
Bonussenior (1114)
Bontempo?
Bontempo (1107)
Bosonis?
Bosonis (1107, 1115)
Bosolinus
Bosolinus (1106)
Bulgarus
Bulgari (1108)
Burrello
Burrello (1073)
Cadalus
Cadalus (1114)
Carbone
Carbone (1073)
Cono
Cono (1073)
Conradus
Conradus (1073)
Cosbertus
Cosbertum (1109)
Crispus
Crispi (1092)
Dibiertus
Dibiertus (1106)
Dodo
Dodo (1106)
Dodonis (1074)
Draco
Draco (1114)
Enurardus
Enurardus (1114)
Fantius
Fantinus (1073)
Flaipertus
Flaiperti (1073)
Flaiperto (1073)
Flaipertus (1073)
Florus
Florus (1108)
Fredulfus
Fredulfi (1073)
Fredericus
Frederici (1073)
Frogerius
Frogerii (1100)
Frogerius (1100)
Frugerii (1106)
Gandulfus
Gandulfi (1106)
Gerardus
Gerardi (1107)
Gerardo (1073)
Gerardus (1073, 1115)
Gherardus notaries (1073)
Girardi (1109)
Girardo (1073)
Girardum (1109)
Girardus (1106)
Gezo?
Gezone (1080)
Giselbertus
Giselbertus (1080)
Glamdulfus
Glamdulfus (1073)
Glandulfo (1073)
Gosbertus
Gosberto (1109)
Gotefredus
Gotefredi (1073)
Gotefredo (1073, 1075)
Gottefredus (1073)
Gudtefredus (1073)
Gregorius
Gregorii (after 1084)
Gregorius (1074, 1075, 1079)
Gualfredus
Gualfredi (1073)
Gualfredo (1080)
Guelfus
Guelfo (1090)
Welfo (1090)
Guibertus
Guibertus (1106)
Guido
Guido (1073, 1092, 1100, 1114, 1115)
Guidone (1100)
Guidonis (1073, 1100)
Vuidonis (1106)
Guifredus
Guifredo (1073)
Vuifredus (1073)
Guilielmus
Guilielmum (1074)
Guinithus
Guinithi (1073)
Guinitho (1073)
Guizolus?
Guizoli (1106)
Heinricus
Einrici (1092)
Heinricum (1079)
Heinricus (after 1084)
Heribertus
Heriberto (1092)
Heribertum (1074)
Herricus
Herricus (1073)
Hubertus
Huberto (1080)
Hubertus (1073)
Hugo
Hugo (1073, 1080)
Hugone (1080)
Hugheri?  (1073)
Hungarus?
Hungaro (1073)
Iohannes
Ioanni (1108)
Ioannis (1108)
Iohannes (1102, 1106, 1107, 1109)
Iohannis (1102, 1106)
Lambertus
Lamberti (1072-76)
Lamberto (1073, 1080)
Lamberto (1080)
Lambertus (1080)
Lampreto (1073)
Lanberti (1073)
Lanberto (1073)
Lanbertus (1073)
Lanfracus
Lanfrancus (1102, 1108, 1115)
Leo
Leonis (1072-76, 1108)
Liutharius
Liutharius (1106)
Lupo
Lupo (1080)
Luponem (1080)
Maleadobadus
Maleadobadus 1114
Manfredus
Manfredi (1107)
Manfredo (1114)
Manfredum (1109)
Manfredus (1109)
Marchisellus
Marchisello (1080)
Martinus
Martini (1073)
Martino (1115)
Martinus (1102, 1115)
Morectus
Morecti (1073)
Nordilus
Nordilo (1080)
Nordilus (1115)
Nordinus
Nordino (1092)
Normannus
Normanno (1080)
Odo
Odaldum (1109)
Odo (1073)
Opizo
Opizo (1102, 1115)
Paganus
Pagano (1080)
Paganus (1100, 1106)
Pandolfus
Pandolfi (1073)
Paulus
Paulus (1106)
Petronus
Petroni (1079)
Petrus
Petri (1073, 1108)
Petro (1106)
Petrus (1106, 1100, 1115)
Pisanus
Pisani (1073)
Ragimundus
Ragimundi (1107)
Raginerius
Raginerius (1114)
Raimundus
Raimundo (1073)
Rainerius
Raineri (1073)
Rainerius (1072-76, 1115)
Richardus
Richardi (1107)
Robertus
Roberto (1080)
Robertum (1074)
Rodulfus
Rodulfus (1109)
Rodulfus (1108)
Rogerius
Rogerio (1073)
Rolandus
Rolando (1073, 1080, 1109)
Rolandum (1109)
Rozo
Rozonis (1092)
Rusticus
Rusticus (1073)
Sasso
Sasso (1106, 1114)
Saxo (1115)
Seniorectus
Seniorectus (1073)
Sigefredus
Sigefredi (1106)
Sigefredo (1073)
Sigefredus (1107)
Sigezo?
Sigezo (1102)
Sigismundus
Sigismundo (1073)
Sismundus
Sismundus (1073)
Stephanus
Stephanus (1106)
Tebertus
Tebertus (1114)
Teodaldus
Teodaldo (1115)
Teuthaldinus?
Teuthaldini (1107)
Teuzo
Teuzo (1114)
Theodericus
Theodericus (1079)
Ubaldus
Ubaldi (1092, 1106)
Ubaldus (1100, 1106, 1114)
Vbaldi (1106)
Vbaldinus (1092)
Vbaldus (1115)
Ugicio
Ugicio (1106)
Ugo
Ugo (1106, 1115)
Ugonis (1106, 1107)
Vgo (1092, 1107)
Ugulinis?
Ugulini (1074)
Uiscouello?
Uiscouello (1107)
Villanus
Villani (1073)
Wibetus
Vvibetus (1109)
Winzio
Winizo (1073)

2.      Female Given Names
Beatrix
Beatrici (1074, 1075)
Beatricis (1114)
Beatrix (1072-76, 1073)
Berta
Berta (1073)
Dorothe
Dorothe (1107)
Eritha
Eritha (1073)
Imelda
Imelda (1102)
Malabranca
Malabranca (1114)  *it is unclear whether this name is female
Matilda
Mactilda (1073)
Mactilde (1073)
Mathilda (1100)
Mathildi (1074, 1075, 1079)
Mathildis (1084)
Matilda (1072-76, 1073, 1080, 1090, 1092, 1100, 1106, 1107, 1108, 1115)
Matildis (1102, 1105, 1107, 1104, 1115)
Natalia
Natalia (1108)

Bynames

abbatis                         (1106)                                      “abbot”
abbatissa                      (1073)                                      “abbess”
advocatus                    (1100)                                      “lawyer”
Biuinus                        (1102)
Bonisenioris                (1109)
Bonus                          (1102)
canevarius                   (1106)
capellanus                    (1100)                                      “chaplain”
causidicis                     (1073, 1080)                            “advocate, barrister?”
consobrinus                 (1115)                                      “cousin?”
de Adegerio                (1106)
de Arciano                  (1073)
de Argelata                 (1108)
de Begosso                  (1115)
de Berutto                   (1114)
de Bibianello               (1106, 1114, 1115)
de Bisienzo                 (1080)
de Bosceto                  (1107)
de Burbasso                (1115)
de Campitello              (1107)
de Candaceto              (1106)
de Canusia                  (1109)
de Capite Trognoni     (1106)
de Carpeneta               (1092, 1115)
de Carpineto               (1106)
de Casalauone             (1115)
de Castellarano           (1115)
de Castellare               (1107)
de Castello Ariano      (1115)
de Castello Uetere      (1115)
de Coatia                     (1107)
de Cordelano              (1080)
da Cornazano              (1073)
de Corsena                  (1080)
de Fuscolo                   (1108)
de Gabiana                  (1115)
de Gaio                       (1092)
de Garfagnano            (1108)
de Gezo                       (1080)
de Gonzaga                 (1115)
de Gummula               (1115)
de Gunzaca                 (1109)
de Herbera                  (1106)
de Laluza                    (1080)
de Libiola                    (1115)
de Mandria                  (1092)
de Melaria                   (1106)
de Melegnano             (1107)
de Miliarina                 (1109)
de monasterio              (1102)
de Monticulo               (1114)
de Montoni                 (1108)
de Nonantula              (1106, 1107, 1114)
de Palude                    (1114, 1115)
de Papia                      (1106)
de Parma                     (1092, 1114)
de Parpanese               (1102)
de Pelauo                    (1092)
de Placia                      (1109)
de Plaza                       (1115)
da Regie                      (1073)
de Reveri                     (1106)
de Rodilia                   (1092)
de Runcuris                 (1115)
de Sala                        (1108, 1115)
de Saltenano               (1080)
de Sasso                      (1114)
de Sauignano              (1108, 1115)
de Septingenti             (1115)
de Solario                    (1106)
de Soleria                    (1106)
de Ualle Putrida          (1109)
de Uilla                       (1115)
de Uillola                    (1115)
de Uuarstalla               (1107)
diaconus                      (1102)                                      “deacon”
Dosimero                     (1080)
Engelbardi                   (1102)
germanus                     (1073)
Guiscardum                 (1074)
Ioanni Pauli                 (1108)
iudex                           (1073, 1080, 1102, 1114)        “judge”
iudicibus                      (1073, 1080)                            “judge”
Joculi                           (1108)
latro                             (after 1084)                             “thief”
Lucensis                      (1072-76)                                “of Lucca”
Mantuanorum              (1108)                                      “of/from Mantua”
massarius                     (1106)
notarius                       (1073, 1080, 1109, 1115)        “notary”
Parmensis                    (1073, 1106, 1114)                  “of Parma”
Pistoriensis                  (1100)
Refutati                       (1106)                                      “of Refutato”
Remengarde                (1108)
riparius                        (1106)
Robaldi                       (1109)
Scario                          (1073)
Segnoreti                     (1109)
tabellius                       (1108)                                      “scrivener”
Toccacoscia                 (1073)
Tusculanensis              (1080)                                      “of Toscolano”

1 comment:

  1. Bonisenioris = goodman? Ioanni Pauli = john Paul

    ReplyDelete